The Federal Reserve Bank of New York works to promote sound and well-functioning financial systems and markets through its provision of industry and payment services, advancement of infrastructure reform in key markets and training and educational support to international institutions.
The Outreach and Education function engages, empowers and educates the Second District communities that the Bank serves, especially civic leaders, students, educators, small business owners, policymakers and the general public. It furthers the Bank's commitment to the region by listening to the communities we serve and leveraging our unique attributes to positively impact school and university programs, as well as analysis and research.
Purchases or sales of securities on an outright basis that add or drain reserves and change the size or the composition of the System Open Market Account (SOMA) portfolio are among the tools used by the Federal Reserve to implement monetary policy.
Purchases or sales of Treasury securities on an outright basis have been used historically to manage the supply of reserves in the banking system. Traditionally, purchases of Treasury securities for the SOMA were conducted to offset factors that permanently drain balances from the banking system, including U.S. currency in circulation, among other factors. These actions would be taken to maintain conditions in the market for bank reserves consistent with the federal funds target rate set by the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). In recent years, the FOMC has directed the Desk to change the size or the composition of the SOMA's Treasury portfolio in order to influence longer-term interest rates and support broader financial conditions.
The FOMC directed the Desk to reinvest principal payments from the Federal Reserve’s holdings of agency debt and agency mortgage-backed securities (MBS) in agency MBS. This policy, by keeping the Committee’s holdings of agency MBS at sizable levels, should help maintain accommodative financial conditions.